CAMELIA SZUHANEK, DENISA MARIA GOLBAN, RADU NEGRU, MEDA LAVINIA NEGRUTIU, LIVIU MARSAVINA, VIRGIL FLORIN DUMA, COSMIN SINESCU, LILIANA POROJAN FLASH-FREE ORTHODONTIC ADHESIVE SYSTEM COMPARED WITH THE CONVENTIONAL DIRECT BONDING METHOD
The latest technology in the field of orthodontic materials is represented by the Flash-Free Orthodontic Adhesive System. In the present study this novel technique is compared with the conventional direct bonding method. Ten extracted human premolars were separated into two groups: in the Group 1, APC Flash-Free Adhesive Coated Appliance System (3M Unitek, Monrovia, CA, USA) was bonded, while in the control Group 2, Clarity Advanced braces (3M Unitek, Monrovia, CA, USA) were bonded using XT Adhesive Paste (3M Unitek, Monrovia, CA, USA) applied by the clinician on the bracket base. Bonding times were recorded for each sample. Shear bond strength (SBS) was recorded using Zwick Zoel Z005. After debonding, the adhesive remnant index (ARI) was established for both groups. Group 1 showed a mean bonding time of 21 s, while Group 2 needed about 45 s for each bracket bonding. Both groups had clinically accepted SBS values, but the difference between them was significant (10.97 MPa versus 8.23 MPa). ARI scores were equal to 1 for most samples. In conclusion, reducing the time for bracket placing, APC Flash-Free Coated Appliance System showed a brackets bonding time reduced to half compared to the conventional technique. This aspect, combined with significantly higher SBS values, makes this novel system better than the classical one. For both groups, more than half of the adhesive remained on the bracket base, which facilitates cleaning after debonding.
Keywords: APC Flash-Free, orthodontic adhesive, bonding time, shear bond strength (SBS), adhesive remnant index.